locomotives and the change over to diesel engines. By June 1, 1960, all pas- senger service on this line had been discontinued.

Thomas Robinson was an avid curler and also a keen lawn bowler. He was an adherent of the United Church. Mrs. Robinson was a member of the United Church and a life member of the W.M.S. She was also an active mem- ber of the Red Cross Society.

Mr. and Mrs. Robinson retired to live in Minnedosa, Manitoba, in 1947. Members of their family are Mrs. Dave Kirkpatrick (Ruby) of Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan, and Mrs. Roy Wilson (Margaret) of Minnedosa, Manitoba. Their son, Bob served with the R.C.N.V.R. during World War II. He was de- ceased in 1956.

TUDUK ROCHELLE FAMILY History from 1898

There were nine members in the family: Jacob of Elphinstone, Mrs. Steve Domansky (Kate), Winnipeg, Mrs. Mike Shindruk (Polly), Elphinstone, Nick of Neepawa, Mrs. Mike Domanski (Carrie), Elphinstone, Peter of Carberry, Mike of Sandy Lake, Mrs. Pete Domanski (Jessie), Elphinstone, Joe of Ashcroft, British Columbia.

In the ”days of the old system" of farming and homesteading, our fa- ther homesteaded on the section 4-l9-2l, north of Elphinstone, in l898. The family lived at this location until 1919.

In 1910 | (Nick) remember, father had four stacks of grain to thresh and there was no machine available to do the work. Therefore, they flooded an area twenty feet in diameter, between the stacks. There were four men threshing with flail, and another man was cleaning the threshed grain in the wind. This all took place in the month of December.

The next threshing was in 1912, this time we had six stacks of wheat, oats and barley to thresh. This was in January and by this time there was a machine in the distrct. This machine was driven by horses. Eight horses sup- plied the power by going around in a large circle, with a man standing in the middle of this circle encouraging the horses to keep going. There were two men on the stack, one man cutting bands, another man hand-feeding the ma— chine, and two other men took the straw away. There were two wooden buck- ets which served as bushel measures. The grain came out on one side of the ma- chine. There were three men assigned to this job. One man counted the num- ber of bushel measures and the other two men filled the bags. There was a total of fourteen men making up a typical threshing gang.

In 1914 Jacob and Kate, the oldest of the family, went out to work. This left Polly and myself to help at home to do the work. Fortunately, I was old enough to handle a three-horse driven binder by this time.

Another threshing outfit came to our district. This time it was a gas engine, 10 horse power, one cylinder and a twenty-inch hand-fed machine. It was owned by Alex Stadnyk. He threshed for two years until finally the jobs were getting too big for the size of the machine. Then the Indians on the Reserve, purchased a big steam outfit. It was more up to date and was a trac- tion engine, nevertheless, the threshing was still in stacks.

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