ful results in that direction. An instructor in marching and other military drill, who prepares teachers as assistant instructors, is another feature of the Winnipeg school sys— tem, and a general inspection of the school children of the

city by this experienced officer, when at the close of a ses- ,

sion they are paraded under their teacher officers, is one of the most inspiring sights ever made by a gathering of children. The city has the right man in this position, Major T. H. Billman, a military man capable of handling a brigade of men, and yet one who will take the greatest pains and patience with a small squad of fresh recruits. Truly VVin— nipe-g’s whole common school organization is one of which any community might well feel proud; and all its advan— tages are available for the children of its citzens free of charge, for elementary eitivcation is free in Winnipeg.

There are quite a number of private elementary schools, two of the most prominent of which are Havergal College, controlled by the Anglican church, and St. Mary’s Academy, under the management of an Order of Sisters, who have done great work here for over a quarter of a century in the education of girls. Then there are the colleges for higher education, St. Boniface, under the control of the Roman Catholic church, St. John’s, under the Anglican church, Manitoba, under the Presbyterian, and Wesley, under the Methodists. There is also a well organized Medical College, as well as a Pharmaceutical Institute. Above all is the Uni- versity of Manitoba, with which all these colleges are in affiliation. The university is a teaching institution only in a limited sense, but it holds all the power for conferring de— grees. It is strictly undenominational in a religious sense, and all religious denominations seem to work harmoniously under its charter. It confers its degrees and bestow-s its honors on men irrespective of their creed, race, nationality or color. Last must be noted the Deaf Mute College, a Pro— vincial institution for the education of such pupils. The college is a monument to the true philanthropy of the people of the Province, and a visit to the institution and inquiry into its workings under Principal McDermaid and his assist— ants is almost as interesting a treat to the visitor as the city can. furnish.

The religious, moral and social view of the city cannot be more aptly and concisely summed up than by quoting a paragraph from the pen of the writer, an extract from a booklet lately published:

No claim can be laid in Winnipeg to a community of austere alleged saints. The people are too active and practi— cal for that. The city has over sixty churches belonging to different denominations, or nearly one to each 1,000 of the population. About a dozen different sects are represented. $200,000 will not more than cover the cost of church build— ing for 1902—3, and the buildings are not purely ornamental, for in VV‘innipeg citizens attend church. Avowed religious sceptics are very rare, and yet there is an utter absence of sectarian bigotry or religious rancour. These are commodi— ties the climate will not support, and they soon wilt and die after they are imported. Morallv the city stands away above the average of far west centres. There is no dangerous criminal class, and crime is as a rule limited to trifling mis— demeanors for a city magistrate to deal with. About a score of police easily keep order, and life and limb is safe; and the secret depravity not easily reached by law, does not exist in lVinnipeg. Socially Winnipeg takes the palm. The city has scores of palatial mansions inhabited by wealthy men of plain practical ideas, whose greatest aim is the work of building up commercially, industrially, socially and mor— ally the city they live in. Winnipeg has hundreds of smaller cottages and villa homes occupied by men of limited means, who are equally earnest in the same commendable work. The city has in her university and colleges teachers of continental fame, who devote much of their efforts towards the commun— ity’s upbuilding also. In outdoor sports the city seems to revel, especially during winter, when all spare time is taken. up with the round of skating, curling, snowshoeing, hockey, football and other contests, in which all distinctions of wealth, nationality, race and such like are completely lost, and in which the city has more than once turned out cham— pions for the Dominion. The upbuilding of their own city and its supremacy in sports seems to be general aims, earn— estly and keenly followed by all; and in a community with so much united earnestness of aim. there is immunity from the rigid social grading too common in older communities, where wealth, social standing and other advantages are largely matters of inheritance. Winnipeg has in its com— munity a full share of education, culture and true refine— ment, but the snob’ is there an animal as yet unevolved.”



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