5 .



""1 .I‘, .

. I Provincial Library

5! ng‘—1w_ wmimmwu-E-

.yf‘: "’..“! -:':--1

A‘. “'.'-2

I“. .31.. Date ”tonne

Shares 83.00.


I. ..catlon; I-its existence has been felt and earnest

. —proposal to establish a daily paper

I.' ed' and controlled by the working class"

' .IDquIose of the labor movement reach

. result ”of long deliberation it was de— .. taut workers. The outcome is The

I'IDaily Citizen, a typical eight page. I half-pehnffingllsh paper," so far as

.itsitohe and mom-muss»: news

"cover the field of natibnal news; but '.alIsIo' to"- _Itap the wofld—wide sphere of I'


Five Special Trains Carry The Daily Citizen All Over

Operat rs ’.‘

‘- ='-.' ~ 4‘1“?” '1!" you are tutcudzugtojomthenewly “Albums-.5 WWW“ m. " - 3.01:7 museums-1.. is. u'IiIeIst needed-[IIII'II ; Applications taken at ' 1‘ ' I.IRoozu 1 Labor Temple. I

England and Scotland—Demand for Copies ch ' First Issue Greater Than the Supply,

9430, I900 PAPERS SOLD

on enemy. Oct. so: The ban'y"

Citizen, the morning- newspaper own-

movement of Great Britain, was launched forth on- lts mission of edu— For many years the need for

men and women have'dreamed"about. it. Not until two years ago ‘did the

that would reflect the thought and

'a stage where it assumed the propor- tlons __Io__f a reallsab‘le ambition. 'The project was then taken up' by-I the I LP. at the suggestion of Keir Hurdle, the I. L. P. approached the'I Labor Party with I.'the proposition, and as a

cided to test the feeling of'the mill-

its arrangement? but distinctive so . far Iasits viewpoint is concerned. For'

“are those of the working class. .Ar- Irangements are. made not only to


intelligence. Containing'Iall the gen- eral features of a daily journal, it pre- sents them in' a. s'tyle- that is unex- celled in any. of the long established dailies. Its' inauguration has proved a gigantic success? In addition to the regular passenger _and express ser- vice afforded by the Irailways live special trains- were requisitioned— to carry the paper all over England and Scotland The first day’s Isale amounted to 430:000: and early in the day calls were: coming in Ito the head office for Iadditiduak supplies that

FFFFF The paper is printed in" its own' printing offices. which are equipped with every mo- .IIdern facility for the work- 'of print- big and dispatching a great daily. The 'sp'e'cial train 'for London, which lIan'd- ed; the paper on the streets of the metropolis- at 338 am, carried 150,— 000 copies, and travelled 60 miles an- hour. daily Imarks a great stride forward and' the working IIman- or woman is no longer compelled- to grin and bear the'torture of halving-I to read his new;

from papers that are colored- in the. I .

interests of his foes.



'Chalrman Smithers of G. T.

' shareholders on Thursday.

3?;— for' this is' obvious to all who have 'II-studied the policy of the roads The wages paid _are the. lowest- and the

'kind. '.The construction work" on the GHTP.. has been delayed, not because ‘.'Loi’ IaIny- shortage of labor, but becauée _. the' men who fivere hired struck '- agalnsti the low wages offered and the‘ I"? 'rotte'n 'Mconditions that existed in' the

A: steal: 't'o" 'éripp'le'. “the operating depart- . me'nt of .'the road.I

" the machinists; boiler-makers and help-_ ers’: unions- and the managements oIf "'.' the three transcontinental roads 'ope- "- ~rat1ng in I'Canada'. :IinI. which the men - '1. submitted... 'unli'ofrm conditions and '=-' scales '.of.‘ IwageIs.”I- IC.N.R.. settled .up- with; men without '" Itany serious difficulty being encounter- ;'~. ,ed.. used..- 'Ialong until October," m‘en applied for a board of hivesti-I


Industrial Disputes Act. .Twicev; the incompany appointed a representative I, .1111" than board. and twice he failed“ to ., put 7.131“ 'itIaIn appearance when a- meet; -' fling? was '.calledI. Finally the govern- '-

of this country is more labor.

- Ivery best, owing to the abnormal de-

-pose‘ of' harvesting the crop.

perie‘nces more difficulty than any '.’ other road in“ securing; the necessary

" are to be found on' any. road in ICan-Il

Great Need is More Labor "Fails to Name Par-

tlcular IBIr'aInd His

I W. 'A.-. Smithers. chairman 'of the

_ G.T. P,. board of directors,- who has just re'turnedto England- after paying his annual September visit"!to” Canada, presided'at'a~ineeting of the G.T.P. .. In the course of his remarks Ihe. is reported to have Ismted that the greatest need'

Every year Mr. Smithers visits this country just atI IIthe particular moment when labor conditions are at their

mound of' a temporary call for 40,000 additional Ifarm hands for the purt; an ‘.every time he utters his doleful wall "The. country must have more labor " " 'It' is quite true that "the' G...TP ex-

I-supply of labor' power._ Thé' reason working conditions? are the worstthat‘

ado. IWI’hen Smithers" titles for "more 'labor,II be‘ means the cheap; .scabby

'.'camp'sI.~If'I The Same cause has oper—‘

Eighteen months ago negotiations were opened between

The CHPRJ and the

Negotiations with the G...TP drug- lwhen the

ga alien-:1 under the provisions of the

figlment flIlIéd';tlle IvacancyfIIThe..boa'1-d

li-zbrougIhI 1-1111 Jagzu'nauimous findin,II. in' .IIIIIIII I.‘.I: favor-é 'of. dive, demands ofI: {the ‘I‘men, .. .Iand“ complimented them upon-I their reasonableness

«Before the: IboardI

ofntng moire-111'...- 111111ng of tin-'.- uésfifi, ti .fth'Ie‘j" '..GTPII. locked:- but; the Diem" wand: imported: strike-breaking thugs?” taketheir places; mature;


what does; it give (in gI'old value) in Iexchauge' Ifor those 11'0'tejsi: 'rEveryI. ohe: .. 1--

PI D1rectors Says Canada 5

M:-..:I-._ 7';

Company Desires.

ditions in railway construction camps where necessary comomdities aresoldI to the men at fancy prices, which they must pay, or to the medical ser- vice fee which is deducted from wages while doctors are seldom seen, and the sanitary conditions are frequently of the very foulest character. Neither does he appear to nave informed his audience —- the absentee parasites— that men are killed on' construction work and buried away in ditches and holes of any kind, and' are never re- ported. This condition has recently led to the Minister of Labor issuing an order compelling every contractor to furnish the department with the names of every man employed on- con- struction' work, so that in' case 'of sub; sequent inquiry he can be traced. The G.TP. is. being built with pub— lic money 'and' public credit. As such it might naturally be' expected that it would be an easy matter for condi: tious to _be maintained. which- were. at least as. good as those existing. onI other'sroadss. BIut‘. up Ito the present time the company has suc'ceeded' in bucoing the government and the pub; lic. "In the course of .the next few years the: shareholders of this .com- pany, represented by 'such' inSatiable, absentee blood-suckers as Mr. Smith-

ers, will .reap. a." rich' harvest out of.

the unpaid labor- performed on the

IG..TP' ‘road.' In the meantime, they '

fare. appealing 'co?- Ithe gove'rument- to get busy and' flood the country: with surplus 'labor,' so that in the' fierce competition. among the workers for'

jobs they may all the more elfeetuallyI .I-,

out each others throats.' Before Christmas the cities 'of Canada. will be full-C of jobless men, who must either depend: upon charity for' the' means of existéncefiuring the winter. or. pro- ceedrI to' Ii's-teIal {the' 'jobs of: resident workers by underSelling- them on' the labor market. Then. charity organiz-

atioIns will be; working Ifull blast; an-d .

the Salvation Anny. collecting; pans will be out {311- the streets; announcing the warning appeal,- "Help the poor-I to a dinner tum'InIeIxIII’

issue said IW. Redmond. 'ThIe- liencficr‘

i'arles' are described- as of. .-ItIhIe 'IndIe'I—I 1;- pendent: FLaboIi-LI. {arty and, ‘the'. Irish

\atzoualist—IaParty respectively. but whether.thé'xffii1dsIzare'mteu'ded'toIbe:

. .‘ devotedxto Ethel: finances of? the 1)"ng I ' oiI-I'Ito bexregardedastbe spin p’o’s‘é

The publication of this new '

jab -X1naIsIII,'IIIIlt'IImay'I.IlI1e your II

V l-Thés'e' film-flammng eou'nterieits' "of- ‘.‘délliirs” . I .- .'_. -,dis'honestimediu1us of exchange, in. cn-culatlonmmongst the worinIn ‘.‘ "

lady recently deceased,.personal .proI—I' '.I'I .'perty 'IItoI that value jot. 338,990. 15"- be— queathed 131.127 IKei'r'I‘Hahdie,‘-I 1311;: Rod-I.

. AI..WeeklngIIPnpe'1-I'Published' in..theI~Interasts of the'ILaboringII Classes. Endorsed‘Iby'the'Winnipeg'Tr-adeIand Labor Council .

mime. MAI 1 r.'-MAYOCTOBERM i911: '

:5 .


.. Arnhem . - ' _What does the' average trades unionist know about the. influence on commodity prices of the paper bank' motes he accepts regularly in exchange for the labor time he app‘ .1225, to industry, in Canada? “magi does the Iaverage manufacturer, or trader, know: Iab'out- the' economic character of the paper money he regularly uses, as payment} in exchange for the labor time of his

employees, in canada? The same reply will answer both questions, viz'.: In Canada _neither the manufacturerl or the trade unionist knows much, _if anything at all, about the money question“ Neither of. these gentlemen can intelligently explain the IcoInne'IcItion' between labor and gold and a chartered bank note“ ' .' -' '

' In view of the fact that the trade unionist and his manufacturing employer are many times forced into violent collision, over the wages question, as a direct consequence 'solely': of advancing money prices of natural products (over which- the manufacturer has no control), it certainly seems to be desirable that both these parties should learn to trace the connection between commodity: pricesI and paper money issued by our chartered banks in Canada. -

The relation of a. trade unionist, to- a manufacturing employer is one of exchange. Labor tim'e expended by I-the workman; is exchanged for money expended by his employer, and the. value of money to the workman is determined by the prices of 'c'ommodities‘r '

' What is it that determines the' prices of.com1noditiesi——That is a ques-' tion we propose to‘ answer later on'. A I_armer knows that the Iprlce of wheat is not determined by his cost: 'of producing it:

In the meantime we 'emph-asize' {the fact that the medium of exchange between our trades unionist and' his :manquactIuring employer is money. Now, if neither of these tivo partiests ,2“.wise“ regarding the money medium of exchange used by both is it not a v'ery unwise position- for each to occupy.

Where, to begin with, does the. manufacturer. get his NW money? Does he' get gold for it? If not, does he: give an equivalent Iin face value, in exchange for it? Where does- he get his paper money‘ and how? I

If a manufacturer secures his paper money in Canada. exclusively from a chartered bank; where does 3the chartered bank get it from? '

how go slow'. for a moment Iand see if anything bobs up, watch With your eyes opeu.-'

If (1) A trades unionist- IgivIes‘I. his' label-dime: in exchange; fur a; chartered bank note, and ”If (2) A manufacturer 'makes- an assignment to a. bank of the products

. of a trades unionist’s labor time' in_- exchange for a- chartered I-ban-k ' note. (with' a healthy interest.” rate added), and ".'

If (3) 'A Canadian chartered bank. gives 41191103 9m» 03 63113119” ‘1! gullllollj . ' meat from .whom it secures its bank note issues, where does Igold come in as a measure of value? - .~ 'I .

while IyI on

Did. you see it “bob”. IIup? Stick I11 pinI there.

The question. at this point is: ' ' " .- fil’here does a Canadian. chartered bank' Iget dis own: 'bank notes, 111161;,

of these bank not'és in’ circulation is doing the wot-15,; ofzgold IIudlIII dgiyi'r‘fg'. gold' out of canad'a to force .11 $53.11 the “worl- I mahipulators: J'III‘I' 3.»: ~.. —’I. 55'3“ 24% -~ Jr’s; newmmw

the conclusions arrived at by‘ ‘eminent authorities”: after' an 1nvest1gatlon of the c'auses of the present outrageous: Hoost of living. ' .

Prof. Irving Fisher, of Yale University, has been— referred to in public discussions of this problem as the greatest living authority on Prices. Erof. Fisher has been quoted as- saying that ‘.‘The chief cause for the present rise in: prices is the increased .ontput of. :gold.” . ,

Byron W. Holt (formerly editor of Moody’s -Magazine), in an article entitled. "Too Much Gold” (in Everybody’ s) .says': “In the numerous sym- Iposia of to-day on ”the cause of high prices, most economists- credit all, or the larger part, to . . -. the increased out-put of gold.” "

_ After reading that, see what Pr'of J: F. Johnson (Dean of' the New York University School of Commerce) :says in his report- to the National Monetary Commission of the United ,States on “The Canadian Banking System,” viz;

“The bank note is almost the 'sole circulating. medium 'in' Canada.” ' ' On page; 52 of “Interviews on the Banking and Currency Systems of

U.S.A., we find- that Mr. Vreeland submits this question to Henry C. McLeod (Gen. Manager of the Bank of' Nova. Scotia), viz“ '— -

(Q')-'. Do your banks make any attempt to acquire GOLD 'for any purpose?

(A.) NO (was Mr'. McLeod’s answer). '

Also, on page 59 ,lir. 'Coulson says to the committee, “We haven’t 'a Canadian circulation 61'- gold. The gold in circulation is the United States old.” . . g The trade unionist who finds prices .soaring Skyward. will find the above. quotations, regarding .“too much gold,” etc., take on. added interest in comparison with the confessions of CaLnadlanx' bankers. to the USA. "Monetary Commission, when' both are" linked .up to some extracts from a work on “Political Economy Ifor' Beginners,” '.byI IMrs. 'Fawcett (wife of 'a former British Postmaster-General and political economist); on IIpaIge I187 of the seventh- edition this Iwriter says very truly, , I

“An issue of bank notes produces the- same 'efiectsI on prices as an increase in the quantity of ”gold and silver. .ooin.’.’.I-. - '-

. IAgain, I'on'theI‘sIamcpag'e IwIepfind it admitted thAt'ia':

-' “Any- circumstance which. increases the amount of nioney cir- ' . culating in a country.- will," if other thingsI'I remain ”unchanged-II in- .‘crease the prices of. commodities”. I', '.II. .I . I -

'I commend _this article to 'my Socialist friends who accept. Marx’ s' 'theory'

.'in. “Capital” regarding goldI as the. universal I‘FquiIiiv-ale'rrt commodity” and

a measure of value. ,' The- Finance Minister of Canada- knows that' what Mrs. Fawcett says is

true; and is quite well aware of the meaning- 'to'. the working class. in: Canada

of ‘I‘Emergency' pa'p'erI- circulation? without Igold' depomts tor... I'crIopI moving and stock exchange purposes. '. ‘iI' :'-. - What the trade' unionist needs in Canada is a’ series of" elementary

'éxainples. or demonstrafions,' in? .a form easy to see. through of'- the 'vvay in 'which ”chase: chartered: bank notes of ours operate. on- prices;- I'and it is' my purpose- Ito "w'ork' out a' series- '-of- such. examples in. .the‘g' 'Icourse of. these

articles,— so that thII'e'. working. class mayI "understan'df the} :I.w_ay «it is .i'robbe'd

andI :"I~the way that' supply‘ and" demand' are manipulated .by paper .money; issues through. chartered banks _on the stock'I'i IeIxIcha'ng'es. '_'-In the meantime, ‘just once again. 'thihk' over' this-1 amazing fact,' _thichI'II the: 'IIFinanceII Minister 'ofI causes 'lm'ons' _ItIIo Ibe t1I‘ue,‘IviIzI.: . .I I. . .

a ..

“595 per' cent of the bank notes, issued. “11:4 sueh'insiatutions as 'the '

.2" Bank of' Montreal and “the Canadian 'Bank' of Commerce, in. Canada,_;—" _I ..

and mild by m'anuiaicItur'ers.‘ ti) trades unionists .in'. exchange for their; " I. "I'I‘_labor time,Il1n_vc not' 'o'n'e solitary ounce "of, gold at" their back on de- ' ‘I1==":I11‘<II1I'IsiIt with? the Government, 'xor anywherel Ielse. . '

I'classI'“ as an‘ issue. “of I-brassII coins; would'- helm. Canada.

~I'T'nese .pa'per, bank: note are not equivalents in laborbme sitar? . --gold;. they, are FOREVER 'IIGAL TENDER in’- Canada; and a. Itrade'I. I'IuniIonlst' is I-‘n'ot-I obliged? by: 11111 'tb.‘ accept this; fi'audillenflf .'st'uif; as»: .LmoneyI «payments :"in eichang'e- ici- Ibis labor? um .,";I.Th‘es'e'I'1 chartered thank notes-I in} Canada; have."= gob; Ithe'I‘I' eoi'liidim'ue‘'1 gameaat- '.:fsir. b'eate'u' to' 'a hardener—fraud IIIbngI the we "-th'

to" rob sItIlie public iIaIIf. large.


IQ.) "TOIwhag~cxtent are _Ion 3.133231; McLeod)

Iars a: 'week,‘ 1317.1 ecu-.5111 he.‘ collapsed?» 'tter-z having

Canada,” by a sub-committee of the National Monetary Commission of the .

are as' thoroughly; 3 '


' _31-00 8- Year 'toany

"1:,In‘ «10'-

" - l_ . 1111531 111111111111 10111 no





part of Canada. and $1.50 to foreign countries.


Gross Negligence ofI Paint Company May Cost 3. Life— ‘SerIiOus Charge of Neglect Against ' ' St. Boniface Hospital '


A distressing case has been brought to the: attention of the Voice which illustrates the criminal negligence of Certain employers of labor with re- gard to 'the adoption. of methods to

' gafeguard the life and health of their

employees, and the .inefiiciency of the administration 'of the Factory Act and the gross disregard of the claims of the poor when they' become subject Ito charitable treatment in hospitals.

Gustave _IFinkanstein lives— at 91% Euclid sh, is married and has one child: Since May he has been con- tIin'uously employed by: the Canada Paint Co" until Oct. 5th. His business has been I'to grind white lead, an ex- ceedinglyI injurious occupation 'even when the most approved methods of ventilation and protection are adop- ted. It is' reported that prior to Fin-I kanstein doing this work that it had been performed by men who worked in shifts of a few hours each and that breathing masks were. provided to re- ducethe danger of lead poisoning. from inhalation. Finkanstein,._ however, was 'kept continuously. at this —job without mask 10 hours I'a day and 6

days a. '.week receiving the princely '

_income for this hazardous I‘Ioccupatlon which lunder} such circumstances Icon-I st'IiIutes'. his; death ”mimic IoIf $Ill'I. '(Ilol-jI nts' ugliour.I01i

borne upzagudnistvthe 1nszdaous person-

» i‘ “'11:

- ' H"- 1 - :Q-f‘ 1"” 51111111“ "' . .rés '—‘ - ' ., '.. _u.,»..,w.

. 2 “i’ n

:The. vital?- importance of these-» Iquestions is realised- when .wé- .exa'mmé "

was Idying, sent for an ambulance and had him conveyed to {the St. Boniface hospital. I Here he was placed in" a public ward at' noon IIonI Saturday, Oct. 5th. IAs no doctor came near him his wife ,Irepeatedly requested. the nurses -_Ito' _get one quick or her husband and sole; supporter, would be "d'ead. She remained there in' constant attend-- ance until 19. o’clock at night, no. doc- tor. having attended to the case, when the poor woman .frantic with trouble

was told to go home. She begged to be allowed to stay all night, but this request was refused. Early on Sun- day morning she returned to the bes- pitalfaud found that'no opened at- tended to the suifering man except the nurses. She renewed her frantic appeals that a doctor should be called. Her appeals were in vain and. at noon on Sunday she called another ambulance and had her husband taken- back home. after' having lalnI unattended by' any: physician for 24 hours. _

Dr. Trick was called to the case; but as— a. consequence of the people not being familiar with the English lan- guage, it was found advisable Ito call IDr. Bercovltch who could converse with them _in their own tongue The doctors found the man suffering from lead poisoning of .a.I 'most advanced and malignant type, with the chances for recovery. very slim.’ After two weeks of treatment the" patient is in a very low1 and precarious condition. Dr. Bercovltch reports the' case to be the worst of its Iklnd that he has ev'ér' 'witnessed In the September. issue of The Labor Gazette, the official publication of the

'Dept.- of labor at' Ottawa, an- article' ' IIi's 'IprlIn-t'edI on “The Toxicity of White . II ' Lead 'in'I. which-I the” IfoIIlIlowdng op-II .II "

:PeaTS"'-""I " . - .’

t'isI. IIa well-known fact that work— ' ..theyuseqof

by the repeated- absorption in the hu-I man bbdy' of minute quantities over a: lengthened period. Poisoning is en~ gendered by the entrance through the' skin, the 'lungs and-' the“ alimentary canal. 'I'The' symptoms of lead poison- lng' include- ”pallor 'sallown'e's's, -dis-'

taste for food, sickness, constipation,'

lassitude, and' several' other" minor". on‘es. " It adds I'that “during the last ten years nearly 7,000 cases have been reported as occurring in' 18 trades.


.1111} TO- visrr nonnuou ' CABINET.I I .

Hf '-Pickett,' president of Jubilee '

lb'dgé' No. 6, Carmen 'of North Amer-

ica,“ has returned from the East where he has been-.'- -'to see. his wife and children off 13' England for: a. pro— longed stay. _While in. Montreal he met '.I. '.IC IWattérsI, president '01 the Dominion Trades and Labor Congress. Mr. Watters .I-was busy with organiza- tion Work IinII. Montreal, Iafter which. he returned to Ottawa to assist” in preparing the legislative demands au- thorized' “by the Congress during its

" .- Sessions at Guelph; 'Pre'sident Wist- . ters' proposes to pay- a visit to Cobalt .' and see. if. _the organization“ work- in.

thatI district cannot be in'iprovedx


The tenets of Socialism are Imeetr' ing with» such; widespread; acceptance among the sewer; or the IItIaliAn' army that stringent efforts are being made

to“:- guard; against; the .circulatlonr of .

SoIc'ialist-1_Iiteraturé.'_" The 'bIIin-ister 'of- this Interior" has sent 3‘1 letter'. to the officers fil' charge of 'fth'e various liveglf' m'enIts I’givIlng instructions that aclose '.w'at'ch’I. must be. .keptI on “all soldiers receiving money from: labor. unions,


D Monheit“ carrying on 'aI. buslness ' as d'ruggist at 803' Main st. .3 was 'fined: . $20 and costs by Magistrate Macdon-

aid on' Thursday, because 'he.' tried to

hold down- the job‘- _of dispensing drugs

without having IItaken out his card in the .drugglst‘s’I union. This Iis a special

privilege. afforded to the; unions _of doc—

tors; lawyerst dIruggiste. and the like. " " Other union Imen 'need not ’Ithink that' " this principle of l’aw— Iapplies to them. -. " .I-t' works the other. way. I'If' they' try-3 -_ ' I. .

to. stop a' 'uon-un'iou- man: from: obtaln- , "

ing'f‘ his. living without. Ia card it be—' comes a- criminal offence, punishable by the Wapplicaltion of. the- .policeman’s-

baton, the soldier’s bullet ..Or bayouot"" ' "- and. a' Igood: stiff— sentence “31ml":

"I io‘seph' "'1". Marks of London was _.plI‘e-I'. ~

dented with .a 'gbld watch by the Lbs- - '

I _don Trades and'v Labor council Wed: " Inesday evening,

on girls; IIIdIIe'parture .' '

"from" “that cityI 'i'to .Itake' up.» his Eresi-II-IJ~.I deuce in Toronto. Mr. 'Mark's has been connected with London.- ITradéIs'I'II coun-

oil," tram. its inception..

Everybody regrets ”the shooting-cf-

.I'R'oosevolt} in‘I- Milwaukee? .by .:a. YcraZyI’ 'man,I.' and it is difficult '11:..- place.” theI'

responsibility..- .for' Ithe'I.’ mac; act}; Nor

is it proper for some- 6:; the. hysterical;

and'.‘ :that-: IIspecI'ialI. attention, must" be

givehI "to noticing the character of the journals read,- by. Ithe'I men.I I .I..._'

.'waoti wrongs do'an '.equalI on “right—

Roosevelt organs to Z'Iattefmptfi' Ito make:

capital"; but; of;— 'tli'e' unfortunate I'afla'ir.

level d: Citize