€113 .

lg downs-{Review


VOL. 2


NO. 26


TEE RIEL TRI 9 L lmezit have the honorto communicate to . 5)‘ou and your turn the following condi- ltionsz—You will be required to give up i completely the situations which the Do— ,minion Government have placed you in lat Fort Carlton and Battleford, together ,with all property. If you agree, you Sand your men will be allowed to leave {the country, and will be provided with gteams to send you to Qu'Appellc. In 11mm. July ca—Thc trial of Kiel was 'case 0! non-accepmnce- we intend to 8!- resumcd in the court house to-day. The ‘3ka you aim? the Lord's Day, which is first gypwfl the saccfion of to-morrow, when we will commence a war of extermination against all those who have showed themselves hostile to us. Nolin and Lepine are the turn you

will have to treat with.

(Signed; Loom RIF-2L, Ex Covered."

Attached to the document was a form, written by lliel, in which the most humiliating conditions of surrender were indited for Crozier to sign. Tin.- docu— ment was found in Iliel's headq

Selection of the Jury and Opening of the Case.

73:21:21: which was proceeded with rapidly. The names of all the jury panel were written onslips of paper, which were rolled up and placed in a tumbler. From this Judge Itichardsrn drew slips at random. The first name called was Demetriua “'(xxlward; mood. Henry J- I’oinler;. third,Eiward Evett: fourth, .l'no.ZtIclntvre fifth, Edward J. Brook: sixth, \Valter

"n, —- )

d... «LE: Menficld. Lemieiix challenged Wood- after the charge of Batoclie. wardpnd Michael Sulivan was summoned m, _, ,1 "3,. , .0, instead. Lemicux challenged McIntyre, . . " " ' ““ ' __ ' 335111105, Rogers was summoncdinstcad. of bassatchewan, vans the Lr'sl witness The crown chillengL-d Michael siuivan, called. He_ described a cozii'crs.:tion he and Thou Howard was summoned instead. had ‘F"h {tribal 3?”? SID-'9, ill-31 before Immieux Challengrd 1192075., and peel the rising. Riel said it was neccs=ary to

resort to arms to secure redress of griev- ance, as the only answer the breeds could get from the Government to requtsts was an increase of the police force. lliel said he had a police force which would exterminate the Mounted Police force in a week. and he said the settlers uld be protected, as there was no charge against them. The Saskatoon settlers would not be protected, as they had promised to assist the Battleford people kill oil" the half- reeds and Indians. He (Riel) would show the settlers of Saskatoon who would do the 'iiliiig. llicl told him u: soon as he struck the zirst blow'a pro— clamation would go fortl and the In- dians would join him. He had the ”United States :.t his back. The time had come when he would rule this country or perish in the attempt. It was the inten- tion, tiel said, to have a new govern- ment in the Northwest, composed of God- fc ring men, and not such as at. Ottawa. The cmntry was to be divided into seven portions. There was to be a new Ireland in the Northwest. The Germans would have aseventh. Riel said the rebellion of fifteen years ago would not be a patch upon this rebellion. The witness went to Clarke's Crossing and communicated by telegraph to Colonel Morris at Battle- ford what he had learned from lticl. On taking leave of witness Riel said he would have no Orangemen in the North- west.

Cross-examined by Mr. Fitzpatrick.— ltiel was not armed when conversation took place. He wu going to divide the country among the Irish and Germans of the States, Germans, Bavarians and Poles. Riel com pared all the religious bodies to a tree, and said his church, the Roman Catholic, was the strongest branch‘

To Mr. Robinson—Riel was supplied with a gun as he drove ofl‘.

head-3 was summoned instead. Lemieu: challenged Howard, and \\'illiam CrflW- ley was summoned instead. Lemieux challenged Crowley and Francis Cosgravc was summoned. Each man was sworn separately; the oath being similar to that administered at the criminal assize. The balance of the men summoned fir the jury pill'icl i:' «re released.

.. \-


Mr. Oslcr then opened the case for the Cr Wu, and reminded thejury that they were to try a man for life. They must pass upon the risoner's guilt entirely upon the evidence, and not upon their prejudices. Riel was charged, as a sub- ject of the British realm, with treason. It would be Set up that he was a citizen of the United States, and for that. reason counts were made against him bv the Crown as a precautionary measure. It made no difference whether the accused was an alien or otherwise. Ile did not deem it necessary to go into the legal arg- uments offered at the opening of the triaL and simply stated how the Imperial Gov- ernment had delegated to the Do' iniou Government the power to make laws ap- plying to the North-west Territories. The Dominion Government then by statute appointed courts in the Territory and em- powered these courts to try an individual for any crime, its to the Grand Jury system. be said it was purely a county organization which was not available in the Territories. A provision will doubt- less be made in future for a grand Jury when settlement progressed. As to the suggestions which had been made as to another mode of trial, the Crown did not see their Way clear legally “to send the prisoner to a court outside the Territory, neither could the Crown advise the appointment of a special commission, although the Crown had power to appoint such com~ mission. He referred to the exist- ence of u Fenian Act, which provides for the punishment of an alien making war, but the Crown did not deem it wise to proceed under it, as. it would depend on the Crown proving that the prisoner was

rims. ix‘iuv, of Prince Albert, was the next witness, his testimony bearing cliictly on the

cumstances connected with the com~ mcncement of the troubles.

an alien. The prisoner was therefore Court adjourned for lunch at one o‘- chargcd by the Crown as he had clock.

On the court resuming its sitting, the examination of I'hos. McKay was com tinned. lIe related the proceedings al~ ready known in connection with the com- ing of 001. Irvine with reinforcements, and the causes which induced the police to go to Duck Lake for provisions, with seven teams and fifteen policemen. They were stopped by about 30 mounted half— breeds, who endeavored to take their horses. Tm: polic finally returned to Carlton,

to get over the difficulties in the dual position of subject and alien. He next. proceeded to state the facts of the case. In the latter end of July, 1334, the pris- oner resumed domicile in the country, and took up his residence among four or five hundred French half-breeds and some English half-breeds. He was first found associated with prominent English and French half-bracts agitating in a. constitutional manner for a redress of al- leged grievances The first indication that the prisoner intended to resort to arms was that he asked at 1i meeting held on the 3rd of Mark for the people to The Crown Would

but before reaching the fort they were .cmforced by Major Crozier and 5') police. Witness here re, eat-3d the oft-told story of the Duck Lake tight, He was fixing a. sleigh, he said, when he

bring their arms. _ -. _ . show that a: this meeting-of the lith of heard some one say: Itiey are tiring

on us," after which Major Crozier gave the order to fire. The duv after the light. may evacuated C: rlton, which was ac- cidentally set on fire by a lamp explod-

' v 7 12.1,,

March l-licl declared 4his intention to alter the Government of the cpiintrv, and also proclaimed that he would rule or perish. On the litli Inc pr:::oner Sell: out armed bodiv-s of {nun who arrested oilicmls and loou‘l stores in the vicinity. Un tlit-L’lst of March the Indians \verc incited to rebellion by llzul, and joined the French half-breeds for the pur' se of ruiistiiimc. Mcl-Zuy and Mitchell, 0! Price: Albert or vicinity, met the half- b. mix and adviscd them to return home and give up their arms, and nothing would be done to them, but the half- brccds remain: in arms, guided by Iticl and incited by him. It was arranged be- th‘Cl) llicl and Mitchell that McKay and lfitchell should go back to Main: Cruzxcr rum arrange another meg-ting with a deputation consisting of .\oliu and Le- vine. appointed by Hie-l, to discuss the troubles and try and arrange asettlcment. _\'olin and Lepine had written instruc- tions from Fuel himself. Osle: pro- duced the document in Riel's handwrit- ing. One of the conditions which Riel so: forth in the document was that Fort Carlton should be surrendered to the half-breeds forthivith, and that the po- lice should give themselves up. He read the document as follows: Sr. Arrows, N.‘-\'.'l‘., ! March 21, 1335. , To Majir Cruzier, Commanding Mount-


.....i was partly 1.8:Zf‘i.}‘u\l.


was empiuycd as a seem, an 1 pofietl pro- clamati ins through/nu: 5:. L'nzrenr. :cil- ingall loyal Rulers to come to Prince- Albert. On :Lie 25:11 March, while in: near Duck Lake, he: find Lis partner, Ross, were taken prisoners by a band of half-breeds under Gabriel Dumont. Tin-y were taken to Duck Lake and locked up in the telegraph ofiice. Several other pri=onem were taken the same morning. l-ticl was there with 403 half-brads and Indians, who start towards Carlton, leaving a small detachment to guard the prisoners. A: two o'clock that morning he heard firing, and a little later Biel and his men rammed, ringing Chas. Newitl, who had been shot and clubbed on the head with gun stocks. At Batoche, Riel offered to exchange the prisoners for Laurence Clark, Colonel Sproal, and Thomas McKay, of Prince Albert, as he could use them to better advantage. Witness narrated communications that passed between Rieland Middleton at Batoche. “'hen Riel released Astiey. he said that if the troops injured the women or children, he would massacre the white prisoners.

ed Police at Fort Carlton and llattle— Witness saw Riel any a ride at Batoc'ne,

ford; and order the rebels about on various

Myron—The Council of the Provision— . $351093- _ ~

alGovernmen: o.- Prince Albert settle :02 being crossvxazizneu by r- John-

Duel: Lake fight. He narrated the Cir--

the contena of the.

stone, Astley said Riel always conversed very intelligently, and in many respects he considered him a (never man-

Ill-1613;, July TIE—The trial of Riel was resumed this mornin'r. The court room was, as usual, crowded. the ladies being again present in large force.

The Witnfifis examined to—dav were: George Kerr, Thomas J acksou— brother of Riel's secretary, General Middleton, Sept. Geo. H. Young. Maior Jarvis, Major Crozicr, Chas. Nolin, and Thus. Sanderson.

Dr. Boy, of Quebec. and Dr. Clar" Toronto, insanity expertS, have or This morning, prior to the opening of the court, they interviewed Ilia-l. but to- night at the barracks they will make a more rigid examination of the mental condition of the prisoner.


Scott's Battalion Return's after doing

micro: Garriso- n Du: ~

The Poriage Boys Banquetted Citizens

by the

Cap:- Shepherd presented with a. sub- smntiai .‘oken 0: Respect and E=ccem by his Company.

Scott's “Fighting” Battalion returned to \Tinnipeg last Thursday, where the various companies were dismissed and sent to their homes. The Portage com- pany returned in command of Lietitenant Brown. Capt. Sheppard having remained in Winnipeg to conclude some otlicial business. The boys were not sorry to get back again, though they regretted very much that they did not. have an op- portunity to demonstrate their fighting capacity as well as their willingness to

tight. The band met the boys at the station, and “played" Zthem

downtown. A number of citizens were also at the depot and gave them a hour y welCome home. After parading Main street and Saskatchewan avenue the com- pany halted on the public square, where Mayor Young in a few words gave them an informal welcome, and also praised the men for their good conduct while on duty. On Monday the company paraded to the 31$: X. W. depot to receive the Neepawa

tachment who returned home on that day.

run BASQUY“.

The banquet was given in the town hall in the evening, and was certainly the most brilliant affair ever held in the Portage. Tables, stretched the full length of the hall,fairly grouped with the Weight of cdibles of the choicest quality, and fruits of every clinic. The efiect of the spread was heightened by the flash of silveri'are, with which the tables were set. The beautiful bouquets of flowers, elegant decorations of the hall, and gay dress and charming glances of the young ladies, together with the whole-souled. welcoming smiles of the older ladies as they tlitted here and there in the inter- ests of the guests of the evening, con- stituteda picture which once seen can never be forgotten. Too much praise indeed cannot be given the ladies for the completeness and beauty of the spread. It was certainly a credit to the Portage, as it would have been to any town or city of the Dominion. So far as the ladies‘ arrangements were concerned, there was not a hitch, though there evidently sec-in- ed to be a lack of a head or competent manager among the gentlemen who were supposed to receive and seat guests and strangers, and control the immense gatherinvr. There was clearly a lack of completness of arrangements among those gentleman who undertook to en- gineer that part of the ziil‘air for the ladies. At about hull-past nine the tables were al filled, and still there were bpeople who could not find room. At the head of the table sat Mayor Young, with Capt. Sheppard and half of the otlicers of C. company at his right, and Mr. Robert Watson, M.l’. for Marquette, and the re- maining oflicers of C. company at his left. The rest of the table, which was the centre one in the hall, was filled with the members of C. company, in uniform, together with Dr. Jnitnerford, J. Rich~ ardsoii,ziud T. Boultbee, of the Winui~ peg Field Battery, and l. Snider. of the 90th. The vice chairs were filled by Mr. E. McDonald and Mr. Houston. The band. under the leadership of Mr. John .l)l_ik1ll.'.1cild, occupied seats on the stage, and discoursed excellent music at inter— vals during the evening. The proceed-

ings o: the evening ware commenced by

with a brief prayer. We need hardly say that amplejusiicc was done to the good things, so boziurifully provided, by all who sat down. The red coats particular- ly seem-:1 to appreciate the efforts of the ladies, who showed them every attention puisible. To each gallant young man we noticed the ladies presented a neat ;button-laole bouquet, which was by all

marked degree of pride and satisfaction. After ample justice had been done to the meats, pastries. fruits, ice cream. etc, the “feast of reason and flow of soul" part of the programme was opened by Mayor Young, who requested all to fill their glasses—which they did with lemonade, ~and drink to the health of “The Queen and Royal Family." This toast was re- spouded to by the band playing the National Anthem.

“The Governor-General and Dominion Parliament" was responded to by Mr. R.

Watson, LLB, who spoke at considerable our future pros; erity,

the chaplain of C. Company. who opened '

'donned immediately wi:h an ap arent l p l


length on the rebellion, and the action of the troops, referring particularly to the promntness with which the insurrection was put down. He complimented the troops, Canada, and the Government up— on the success in this connection. He referral to the expense being great, but

inted out that it. could not be avoided, as everything had to be done in a hurry, and long distances had tobe covered to reach the trouble. He then went into political questions, but as they belong

‘properly to the political arena, we will

not report his remarks here. Mr. Ii. Mc- Donald spoke in rcsxxinsc to this toast after Mr. “'atson.

“The Lieutenant-Governor and Local Parliament" was responded to by Mr. Joseph Martin, .\l.P.l’., who made what was generally conceded lu be the best speech of the evening, notwithstanding the fact that he had not been invited to speak, and had to respond on the spur of the moment. He drifted 'nto politics somewhat, but apologized for his digres- sion during the course of 1115 speech.

The next tostt proposed was “Our Guests." At this stage Mr. Smith Curtis stepped forward and road, on be- half of the ladies, the following


To Captain She-plurd, tlic “givers um] privates of “C" Company, Ills! Buf— (ulion.

We, the ladies of the Town of Portage la Prairie gladly welcome you back to the homes which you galluiitly wcnt to the iront to save from possible danger, and we beg to assure you of the hich es- timation in which you and your patriotic conduct are held by us and your fellow townsmcn.

It was very pleasing to us to learn from your superior officers that you have made remarkable progress in the military art in a comparatively short time, that no other company is more esteemed by them than your own, and that you:- rccord in every particular is such as to entitle you to be called the crack company or the battalion.

If you have not returned with the laurels of victory on your brows, it is be- cause you have had no proper opportu- nity to display those intrepid and martial qualities, which are doubtless to be found beneath every scarlet jacket here.

\Ve presume it is a matter of regret to you, since your early volunteering proved you to be among the most. loyal of Cana- da’s sous, that. you were not. with your brothers-immune at their gallant fight at Butoclie. Had you been there, we have every confidence that you .-.would have displayed [equal valor and equal gener- ositv to the vanquished foe.

It is a source of great gratification to us that you have returned safe and well.

From the bottom of our hearts we thank you for your self~devotion in olIer- to sacrifice your lives on the altar of the nation, :0 that her integrity and her honor might be maintained.

\Ve wish you all happiness in the fu- ture, and sincerely hope that plenty will from her cornucopia ever strew your paths with her choicest blerh‘lllgs.

Signed on behalf of the ladies of I’or— tagc la Prairie.

M. A. McLizon,

A. M. GTlhON,

M. SNIDIZIL rairie, 23th July, 1883.

Following is Capt. Sheppard's

Portage la

REPLY. which was made in substance impromptu, but was afterwards written out and hand- ed to us for publication:

To the Ladies of the Town of Portage la


In replying to your address on behalf of myself, my brother olliccm, the non- commissioncd otlicers and men of C" Company of the (list Battalion, I beg to thank you very sincerely and truly for the magnificent reception you have ac- corded to us on our return to Portage la Prairie.

It was impossible for me, on the even- ing of the banquet, to reply full',‘ to your address : and I felt certain that the Por- rage Company agreed with me when I asked to be allowed to make my reply through the press.

I: is our desire to place on public rc~ cord our heartfelt gratitude to you for ) our iintiring efforts in relieving our dis— comforts ever since we left your town some for months ago.

We feel justly proud of the high com- ,

pliment you Lave paid us in the opening sentence of your address. If we have won your esteem and respect by responding to tiuty‘s call in times of trouble, we hope that W!- shall be able to retain your high ripinicn nf us,no=v that welmvc once more returned as peaceful citizens.

When in the field we did our best to do our duty and to make our Company rc~ spected : but we were spurred on to good Lit-eds, when we remembered the kind ladies we had the honor to represent.

Ladies, I assure you that by your kind- ness and by the splendid receptions you have given to every corps of volunteers passing through to the front, you have made for Portage la Prairie 8 name that will never be forgotten.

I: is impossible for me not. to feel proud of you and your worthy deeds, and I can only wish we could have done half as well as you have done.

That we were not present at the noble charge of Batoche is a deep disappoint- ment to us all. I can unhesitatingly say that we would have done our best.

We thank you for your good wishes for Need I say that

we wish you the same ten thousand times over?

Again thanking you for your interest and de‘fu’ion, which 1 um sure will 2 iver be forgotten by a single man of us.

I beg to subscribe myself, Your most obedient servant. \l‘. SHEPPZ ni', Captain of “C" Company.

-1: the conclusion of his reply the Cap- tnin called upon his men to give three cheers for the ladies of Portage la Prairie, and this they did right liciirtilv, and rem-atoll the operation. They théu have three cheers for the citizens of the Portage. This [oust \vzis also responded to by Lieiit. ll. C. Brown. the chaplain of the. Battalion, and Dr. Rutherford, of the \\ innipt-g Field lkittcry. The latter gentleman giive such witty reminiscences of his experiences and feelings when in the battles at the hour, that he kept the audience in roars of laughter. He also predicted that within two years there will be another rebellion up there, for he knew the half-breeds had made money out of this one. and would want to try it again. He testified to the bravery of the Volunteers, but thought the Mounted l'olice Were not it ell couiiriiimlud.

At this stage ('olor-Seiirgcuiit Ritchie, and Sergeziiit< Hudson and Thomson stepped forward, when the first named read the following

.xniirmss: Tu ('iljlf. ll-ilfftvu N/u‘jqnll' I.

On behalf of the Lou cJuiiuissioncd officers and men of ”C" company of the 91st Battalion. We beg to present you with a gold headed cane and gold locket and chain and i‘eqiic:=t your acceptance of the same in rcmcunlimncL- of the North- west rebellion of 18:5 and us a token of the respect and esteem ll) which you are held not only by us who were under your command but by the whole Battalion.

. “'0 also take this opportunity of thank- ing you for your unremitting solicitudo for our welfare.

Had we been fated :it any time to face the foe every man of us would have felt perfect confidence in your courage and ability and we hope that if ever iiguin we should be called out for active service, you. our old and trusted friend and com— mander will be there to feud us on. Wishing you long life and every success. we beg to sign on behalf of the Com- Pani'. - COL-Senor. Itrrciiir, Smm'r. Honsox,

SERUT. Tiimirsox. Portage lll Prairie, July 25th 1&53.

Captain Sheppard was evidently tiikcu most completely by surprise, but man- ngcd to make a brief reply. in the course of which be complimented the members of his company very highly on their gen- eral bearing and conduct while at the front, assuring them that he esteemed every member of his company very high- lv. He thanked them most heartily for their valuable presents, which he would always consider his most highly prized [JOQSESSlODEL

The first vice chairman. Mr. E. McDon- ald,at this potur took charge, and pro- posed tlie toast, “The Army and Navy," which was responded to by Captain lluntcr, Captain Houston, and Commo- dore Johnson. The latter gentleman gave, in good style, a naval song, and was joined in the chorus by the nudi- ence.

The second vice chairman, Mr. Hous- ton, proposed the “Learned Professions," out there were none of the gentlemen present who were expected to respond, and be next proposed the tom-t, “The Press,” which was responded to by Mr. C. II. Mathers, of the Ncepawu f'umi- (Hall, C. J. Atkinson, of the Liberal, and J. M. Robinson, of the 'I‘itiiicxn-Ilcvimv.

“The Ladies" was ably responded to by Mr. Smith Curtis.

Captain Sheppard asked his troops to give three cheer: for Mr. Watson, which they (lid.

The proceeding-1 were brought to a close by all joining in the National Anthem

———————.-°—-~—~ Ens—3:11;. to be Relic-:4.

Lemmas. July 21—31:. llobert Bourke, Under Foreign Secretary, announced in the House of Commons this afternoon that the Govern. .cnt iizid rcccivcd news confirming the report that the garrison of Kassaln liild repulsed the 15. l. ahdi s be- sicging army, killing a ,-.rcut number of Him cnurny and capturing nearly fill their icattlc. Mr. Boiiike added that the Gov- .crnmen: was making arrangements to . relieve the garrison. This statement givas received with cheers. The British 'Governmcnt, distracting the result of the fpropoe-als made to ltzis-Aloiila for the re- ilicf of Kassulu, on condition of a subsidy 'of £100,000 and a donation of arm, has ircopened negotiations with Italy for an imlvance on Iiaasala early in autumn . Elmly received the overtures favorably, E but asked English co—opcratiou in the ex- ';peditiou, if undertaken. Major Cherm- aside tale-graphs that. a spy reported 05- lman Digma n-ccivcd information that. El ‘Mahdi fell ill on June 19, and died on June 2‘2. A new leader has taken the

l Mahdi’s place. I Better than gold. A good name. good health, a good com-

; anion anda bottle of Hagyard’s iellow

Oil are among the first r uisites for hu- , man happiness. Yellow il cures Rheu- . matisn, Spnins. Lamenesa,Bmises, Burns iFroct-Bites, Group, Sore Throat and all pain and Inflammation.