Wild Flowers at Churchill .

Daisies and Tundra Grasses

July is the month of flowers at Churchill. Some, of course, bloom much earlier, but throughout this month practically all plants are at their best. '

Here you will find an amazing

‘Wealth and variety of plant life. For

although northern summer is short, its days have long hours of sunshine. Hence, plants grow and develop more rapidly, and many of them produce blossoms of exceptionally brilliant hue and delicate fragrance. '

Snow has scarcely disappeared when the first wild flowers of the ' season, tiny purple saxifrages, appear on the rocky hill-tops. Many varie- ties of saxifrages are native to this region. One of them, the rare and beautiful yellow marsh saxifrage, belying its name as a “rock breaker,” flourishes in low, moist places.

Rosemary and pyrolas are other early-flowering plants. And quite exotic is the fragrant magenta- colored bloom of Lapland rhododen- dron that carpets the tundra during

the first week of July. FrEquenting the banks of almost

every pond you will find an abun-

dance of golden ragwort, sweet colts- foot, grass of Parnassus, cinquefoils, water parsnip, butterworts, floweré ing water cresses and delicate north- ern primroses.

Churchill has its orchids, too. Of these, Franklin’s Lady Slipper, which is a true “northerner,” is rivalled in beauty only by Fragrant Ladies’ Tresses also found here. Many other varieties are native to this region.

Mid-July brings the gay bloom of hedysarum, willow herb, arnica, Arctic oxeyes, lupins, anemones, Indian paint brush and Arctic avens. Of these, the cheery little aven has, perhaps, first claim to the title of floral emblem of the “true north.”

By the end of the' month, cotton grasses, rushes, sedges, and the many northern mosses are at their loveliest. Then, too, the first blue gentians appear. Now, while these few specially mentioned plants by no means exhaust the list, they will give some idea of the joy of botanizing “down north.”

—EVA BECKETT.

Arctic Avens

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